Three technologies developed by LLNL researchers, and a fourth technology produced by a consortium of four national laboratories, including LLNL, and five universities have been tapped as finalists for the 2016 R&D 100 awards.
The awards, sponsored by the trade journal R&D Magazine, are given annually for the top 100 industrial inventions worldwide and are sometimes called the "Oscars of invention."
This year's awards will be announced at a black-tie dinner on Nov. 3 at the Gaylord Convention Center in Washington, D.C.
Here are the Laboratory's four finalists:
The GLO Transparent Ceramic Scintillator: This instrument dramatically increases high-energy, or mega-electron-volt, radiography throughput by providing seven times faster imaging than glass scintillators and decreases the X-ray dose required to obtain detailed imagery. Mega-electron-volt radiography is used to nondestructively image the 3D volume of complex objects. Developed for the Weapons and Complex Integration Directorate, the scintillator was produced in collaboration with industrial partners Nanocerox, Technology Assessment and Transfer, as well as American Isostatic Presses. The Lab researchers who helped develop the instrument are Nerine Cherepy, Zachary Seeley, Stephen Payne, Daniel Schneberk, Gary Stone, Scott Fisher and Peter Thelin.General Atomics, was performed by Lab researchers Michael Stadermann, Salmaan Baxamusa, Philip Miller, Tayyab Suratwala, Chantel Aracne-Ruddle and Art Nelson.
Solution-Grown Crystals for High-Energy Neutron Detection: This technology is a method for growing large-scale, economical stilbene crystals capable of efficiently distinguishing neutrons from gamma rays without the toxicity, flammability and handling difficulties that commercial liquid scintillators present. The technology has been licensed to Inrad Optics for commercial crystal production. Detecting and distinguishing between neutrons and gamma rays is critical to identifying nuclear substances such as uranium and differentiating them from benign radioactive sources. The technology was developed by Lab employees Natalia Zaitseva, Leslie Carman, Andrew Glenn and Stephen Payne.
To date, LLNL has captured a total of 155 R&D 100 awards since 1978.