Livermore is big R&D 100 Award winner

For the second year in a row, Lawrence Livermore scientists and engineers brought home seven R&D 100 Awards. Since 1978, the Laboratory has won 75 of these prestigious awards. Each year, R&D Magazine presents awards to the top 100 industrial, high-technology inventions submitted to its competition for outstanding achievement in research and development. This year, Livermore tied with the Department of Energy's Pacific Northwest National Laboratories for the most awards won by a research institution. In all, DOE laboratories won 30 awards, with other major winners being Los Alamos (four awards) and Sandia (three awards).
The awards will be presented September 24 at a banquet and ceremony at the Chicago Museum of Science & Industry. S&TR will devote its October issue to detailed reports on Lawrence Livermore's award-winning inventions and the teams that created them. And the Laboratory's winners are:
  • HERMES (High-Performance Electromagnetic Roadway Mapping and Evaluation System), a high-resolution, radar-based mobile inspection system for detecting and mapping defects in bridge decks.
  • A Lasershotsm peening system that installs deep compressive stress in metals and is expected to extend the lifetime of major airplane components.
  • The Light Lock optical security system, a reprogrammable, laser locking system that provides both the code to activate the locking device and the power to move the mechanical lock.
  • An optical dental imaging system to noninvasively image internal tooth and soft tissue microstructure for dental applications.
  • A two-color fiber-optic infrared sensor for measuring temperature and emissions for medical and industrial applications.
  • The INDUCT95 computer simulation code that helps equipment designers optimize tools used in plasma-aided manufacturing of semiconductor devices.
  • The OptiPro-AED (acoustic emission detector) grinding wheel proximity sensor, a real-time feedback product used to substantially improve the efficiency of precision optics manufacturing by sensing the separation between fine abrasive grinding tools and optical glass parts.
    Contact: Contact: Karena McKinley, director of the Industrial Partnerships and Commercialization office at Livermore, (925) 423-9353 (mckinley3@llnl.gov).

    Davis to head new DOD agency

    Challenged to build a new organization to counter the threat posed by weapons of mass destruction, Jay Davis is off to Washington, D.C., where he will head the new Defense Threat Reduction Agency in the Department of Defense.
    On leave as the Associate Director for Earth and Environmental Sciences at Livermore, Davis will be responsible for integrating nuclear, chemical, and biological functions and for consolidating the On-Site Inspection Agency, Defense Special Weapons Agency, and Defense Special Technology Security Administration. The new agency's primary function will be to understand nuclear, chemical, and biological warfare threats and minimize them worldwide.
    "This will be the lead DOD agency for countering weapons of mass destruction," Davis said.
    Davis came to the Laboratory in 1971 as a physicist, with bachelor's and master's degrees from the University of Texas and a Ph.D. in nuclear physics from the University of Wisconsin. He has been the director of Livermore's Center for Accelerator Mass Spectrometry, which he helped found, and is a Fellow of the American Physical Society. In 1991, Davis participated as a member of the United Nations team that inspected Iraqi installations for possible nuclear weapons or technology that could produce nuclear weapons.


    Livermore contributes to DOE climate study

    President Clinton challenged the U.S. to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and spur economic growth. To meet the challenge, 11 Department of Energy laboratory directors, including Bruce Tarter of Livermore, reported to the Secretary of Energy some 47 technologies that could eliminate hundreds of millions of tons of carbon emissions each year. Technologies cited in the report include: electric hybrid vehicles, high-efficiency lighting, superinsulating windows, fuel cells, microturbines, and hydrogen fuel systems.
    Partially finished before the Kyoto environmental summit in October 1997, the report now identifies and prioritizes the pathways to major technology opportunities. The report addresses three major issues: energy efficiency, clean energy, and carbon sequestration (removing carbon from emissions and enhancing carbon storage). The directors of the laboratories conclude that "success will require pursuit of multiple technology pathways to provide choices and flexibility for reducing greenhouse gas emissions." The report is available on the Internet at http://www.ornl.gov/climate_change.

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