advances in astronomy, environmental remediation, human genomics,
and physics critical to stockpile stewardship have earned four Laboratory
scientists Edward Teller Fellowships for 2001. The scientists
are Claire Max, Elbert Branscomb, John Nitao,
and George Kwei.
The fellowships recognize
and encourage scientific accomplishments and provide fellows with
the flexibility to explore new areas of interest by allowing each
recipient to do self-directed work for the Laboratory over the next
year. This is the second year the fellowships have been awarded.
heads the Laboratorys Laser Guide Star Project, central to
which is adaptive optics systems, which improve the resolution of
ground-based astronomical telescopes. She was also instrumental
in creating the new Center for Adaptive Optics headquartered at
the University of California at Santa Cruz. The Teller fellowship
will enable her to devote herself to a program of intensive cutting-edge
exploration in adaptive optics and its emerging applications, to
continue mentoring young researchers supporting this work, and to
define a strong role for Livermore within the Center for Adaptive
Optics and related communities.
served as director of the Joint Genome Institute (JGI) in Walnut
Creek, California, from its creation until late 2000. Under his
leadership, JGI established its Walnut Creek facilities and achieved
international recognition for effectively completing its sequencing
goals. Branscomb intends to use the fellowship to further explore
genes from chromosome 19one of the chromosomes the Laboratory
had responsibility for mapping. He said that he will focus on a
large family of genes involved in controlling the expression of
other genes in the genome.
the help of his Teller fellowship, Nitao intends to collaborate
with the renowned hydrologist Jacob Bear on a book about subsurface
flow and transport for environmental remediation. It will include
information on thermal methods for removing contaminants from soil.
Nitao is the driving force behind the NUFT codea versatile
computational tool that incorporates the complex physics of multiphase
flow and transport of gas, liquids, and thermal energy through a
fractured porous matrix. He recently added realistic chemical reactions
to NUFT, further expanding the class of problems to which the code
can be applied.
a physicist, is a leader in neutron-scattering research relevant
to stockpile stewardship. He will use his fellowship to write a
book on science policy in the White House that addresses how policy
advisers work with the President and Congress to set policy. Kwei
says that he wants to explain to the general public what science
does for them.
The U.S. Environmental
Protection Agency (EPA) has recognized the Laboratory as a champion
of green government. EPAs Greening the Government Award
recognizes individuals and groups that go above and beyond
the call of duty in working to improve the environment. The
above and beyond recognized at Livermore is the recycling
of materials from decontamination and demolition projects by the
Chemistry and Materials Science Directorates Space Action
Created some six years ago,
the 32-member SPA plans and executes facilities projects Laboratory-wide
with the goals of improving efficiency and reducing costs by helping
to consolidate facilities and programs.
The EPA award citation reads:
The Space Action Team at LLNL has recycled approximately 90
percent of materials from decontamination and demolition projects
at the Lab. Soil, asphalt, concrete, wood, steel, and electromechanical
infrastructure and equipment have been recycled during the demolition
of 11 buildings and 22 trailers. Soil, asphalt, and concrete are
now being used at landfill sites for construction, road improvements,
and daily operational needs. LLNL has reduced landfill costs for
those materials to zero. Pollution prevention is a guiding principle
in all decontamination and demolition projects.