News

Livermore scientists team with Russia to discover element 118

Oct. 16, 2006- 
LIVERMORE, Calif. — Scientists from the Chemistry, Materials and Life Sciences Directorate at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, in collaboration with researchers from Dubna, the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (JINR) in Russia , have discovered the newest superheavy element, element 118. In experiments conducted at the JINR U400 cyclotron between February and June 2005, the...

Workshop identifies research needs to protect levees

Oct. 4, 2006- 
Approximately 60 research scientists, engineers, policy makers and agency representatives from around California gathered recently for a two-day workshop to define research needs in order to manage the flood risks facing California’s levees. The workshop, held at the University of California Center in Sacramento, covered a wide range of risks facing levees in the Sacramento-San Joaquin...

Research advances understanding of how cell membranes function

Sept. 27, 2006- 
LIVERMORE, Calif. — A team of scientists, including two from Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, has achieved an important advance in the race to understand what guides and facilitates the functioning of the cell membrane.Their work, which could assist in better understanding of how viruses interact with cells and in the attribution of bioterrorist acts, is described in this week’s...

Studies lead to new understanding of materials at extreme conditions

Sept. 18, 2006- 
LIVERMORE, Calif. – Researchers have found a new tool to explore materials at extreme conditions. By combining very large-scale molecular dynamics simulationswith time-resolved data from laser experiments of shock wave propagation through specific metals, scientists at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory are now able to better understand the evolution of high-strain-rate plasticity. ...

'Gutless wonder' gets by just fine without a digestive system

Sept. 18, 2006- 
WALNUT CREEK, Calif. — With the help of symbiotic bacteria, an obscure marine worm has found a way to live happily without a mouth, digestive or excretory system. In a paper in the Sept. 17 edition of the journal Nature , scientists from the U.S. Department of Energy’s Joint Genome Institute (DOE JGI) and their colleagues describe how this “gutless wonder” thrives in marine sediments...

Poplar tree genome holds promise of breakthrough in biofuel research

Sept. 14, 2006- 
WALNUT CREEK, Calif. — Wood from a common tree may one day factor prominently in meeting transportation fuel needs, according to scientists whose research on the fast-growing poplar tree is featured on the cover of the Sept. 15 edition of the journal Science . The article, highlighting the analysis of the first complete DNA sequence of a tree – the black cottonwood, or Populus...

LLNL researchers to play key role in $60 million DOE program to advance scientific computing

Sept. 13, 2006- 
LIVERMORE, Calif. — More than 40 Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) researchers working on 14 multi-institutional scientific computing projects will benefit from $60 million in funding awarded by the U.S. Department of Energy’s Office of Science. DOE’s Scientific Discovery Through Advanced Computing program, or SciDAC, announced last week the selection of 30 computational...

Livermore's Cherry Murray elected vice president of American Physical Society

Sept. 12, 2006- 
LIVERMORE , Calif. — Cherry Murray, the deputy director for Science and Technology at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, has been elected vice president of the American Physical Society (APS) for 2007. The assignment begins January 1, 2007, and will last four years. Following her year as vice president, she will successively become president-elect, president and then immediate past...

Researchers link human activities to rising ocean temperatures in hurricane formation regions

Sept. 11, 2006- 
LIVERMORE, Calif. — New research shows that rising sea surface temperatures (SSTs) in hurricane “breeding grounds” of the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans are unlikely to be purely natural in origin. These findings complement earlier work that uncovered compelling scientific evidence of a link between warming SSTs and increases in hurricane intensity.Previous studies to understand the causes of...

DOE Joint Genome Institute decodes DNA of two plant-killing pathogens

Aug. 31, 2006- 
WALNUT CREEK, Calif. — By comparing the complete genome sequences of two plant-killing pathogens and related organisms, researchers from the U.S. Department of Energy Joint Genome Institute (DOE JGI), in collaboration with the Virginia Bioinformatics Institute (VBI) and others, have uncovered crucial aspects of the disease-causing mechanisms of “sudden oak death” (SOD) and soybean root rot...

Nanowire 'barcode' system speeds biodetection in the field

Aug. 7, 2006- 
LIVERMORE, Calif. — Detecting biowarfare agents in the field will become a lot easier thanks to a new barcode system based on biosensing nanowires developed by Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) researchers. The researchers, led by Jeffrey Tok of LLNL’s BioSecurity and Nanosciences Laboratory, built submicrometer layers of different metals including gold, silver and nickel...

Statement on Jimmy Sanderson

July 31, 2006- 
Our Laboratory, the University of California police department and Department of Energy officials fully support the efforts of The Livermore Police Department on this investigation. Mr. Sanderson has been employed as a senior computer programming technologist at the laboratory since April 2002. Upon his arrest, Mr. Sanderson’s access to the Lab was immediately denied and his badge was...

DOE JGI decodes DNA of growth-promoting fungus

July 24, 2006- 
WALNUT CREEK, Calif. — The DNA sequence of Laccaria bicolor, a fungus that forms a beneficial symbiosis with trees and inhabits one of the most ecologically and commercially important microbial niches in North American and Eurasian forests, has been determined by the U.S. Department of Energy Joint Genome Institute (DOE JGI). The complete Laccaria genome sequence was announced July 23 at...

Laboratory captures seven R&D 100 awards for industrial innovations

July 10, 2006- 
LIVERMORE, Calif. — Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory researchers have captured seven awards for developing advanced technologies with commercial potential. Six teams of LLNL scientists and engineers and an individual LLNL researcher have won plaques from the trade journal R&D Magazine for being among the top 100 industrial innovations worldwide for 2005. They worked with three...

NNSA announces new mark for world's fastest supercomputer

June 22, 2006- 
WASHINGTON, D.C. — Today, the Department of Energy’s National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) and IBM teamed up to announce that a new mark was achieved on the world’s fastest supercomputer named BlueGene/L (BG/L). This world record for a scientific application was set by achieving a sustained performance of 207.3 trillion floating-point operations per second (teraFLOPS) on the...

Lab study pinpoints nitrate sources in Tri-Valley groundwater

June 21, 2006- 
LIVERMORE, Calif. — Using a method of combining chemical and isotopic tracers, a team of scientists from Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) has completed a study that helps pinpoint the sources of nitrate in the Tri-Valley’s groundwater supply. The study took place on a portion of the Valley’s groundwater basin, which is managed by the Zone 7 Water Agency. The study, which is...

Cargo explosives screening program to be piloted at San Francisco International Airport

June 20, 2006- 
SAN FRANCISCO — A pilot program to screen passenger aircraft cargo for explosives will be launched later this summer at San Francisco International Airport (SFO) by the U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS). Known as the Air Cargo Explosives Detection Pilot Program, the effort will be conducted at SFO air cargo facilities under a collaboration between DHS’s Science and Technology (S...

Scientists tackle long-standing questions about plutonium

June 5, 2006- 
LIVERMORE, Calif. — Scientists have gone a long way to solving a question about the nature of plutonium that has remained a mystery since the Manhattan Project. Plutonium behaves like no other element in nature. The bonding of its electrons causes its crystal structure to be uneven, similar to a mineral, and the nucleus is unstable, causing the metal to spontaneously decay over time and...

Study shows that genetic quality of sperm deteriorates as men age

June 5, 2006- 
New research indicates that the genetic quality of sperm worsens as men get older, increasing a man’s risk of being infertile, fathering unsuccessful pregnancies and passing along dwarfism and possibly other genetic diseases to his children. A study led by scientists at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) and the University of California, Berkeley, found a steady increase in...

Local high school seniors receive Edward Teller science scholarships (2006)

May 30, 2006- 
Two Livermore high school girls have won the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory’s Edward Teller Science Scholarship. This year’s award recipients are Megan Connolly of Granada High School and Mina Bionta of Livermore High School.   The awards, instituted in 2004 in honor of the late Dr. Teller, renowned physicist and Lab co-founder, are given by the Laboratory to graduating seniors...