Rare Earth

LLNL researchers turn to bioengineered bacteria to increase U.S. supply of rare earth metals

Oct. 23, 2017 -  
To help increase the U.S. supply of rare earth metals, a Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory ( LLNL ) team has created a new way to recover rare earths using bioengineered bacteria. Rare earth elements (REEs) are essential for American competitiveness in the clean energy industry because they...

Lab researcher elected fellow of Optical Society

Oct. 18, 2017 -  
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory ( LLNL ) researcher John Heebner has been elected a fellow of The Optical Society of America ( OSA ). Heebner was cited for his "numerous innovations, achievements and technical leadership in high-energy laser systems and integrated optics including nonlinear...

Plasma optic combines lasers into superbeam

Oct. 16, 2017 -  
Since its introduction in the 1977 film “Star Wars,” the Death Star has remained one of science fiction’s most iconic figures. The image of Alderaan’s destruction at the hands of the Death Star’s superlaser is burned into the memory of millions of fans. Scientists and laser experts have maintained...
Girls Who Code

‘Girls Who Code’ workshop introduces students to 3D printing, computer-aided design

Oct. 13, 2017 -  
Granada High School sophomore Sehar Khan wants to be a professional wrestler when she grows up. But if that doesn’t pan out, she has a contingency plan. “Engineering is really fun,” Khan said. “You can be creative and you have the freedom and choice to do what you want, and I like that. I want to...
earthquake maps

Exascale in motion on earthquake risks

Oct. 12, 2017 -  
Assessing large magnitude (greater than 6 on the Richter scale) earthquake hazards on a regional (up to 100 kilometers) scale takes big machines. To resolve the frequencies important to engineering analysis of the built environment (up to 10 Hz or higher), numerical simulations of earthquake...
martian meteorite

Big, bad, Martian volcanoes unveiled

Oct. 10, 2017 -  
They are bigger, scarier and last longer. That’s the conclusion of a team of scientists, including Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory cosmochemist Bill Cassata, about the evolution of volcanoes on the red planet, compared to those on Earth. Martian volcanoes are the largest in the solar system...

LLNL scientists stick to a new efficient magnet

Oct. 9, 2017 -  
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory researchers have developed a new, more efficient permanent magnet that removes the deficiencies of conventional samarium and neodymium magnets. The proposed magnet stems from the well-known samarium and cobalt (SmCo 5 , CaCu 5 -type structure) magnet, but goes...

Lab physicist Félicie Albert receives 2017 Edouard Fabre Prize for laser contributions

Oct. 6, 2017 -  
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory ’s Félicie Albert was awarded the 2017 Edouard Fabre Prize for her contributions to the physics of laser-driven inertial confinement fusion (ICF) and laser-produced plasmas. Albert, an experimental plasma physicist at the National Ignition Facility ( NIF ),...

Move over, Einstein: boy genius aims for stars

Oct. 6, 2017 -  
He has been called the next Einstein due to his understanding of particle physics, while his perfect pitch has drawn comparisons to Mozart. He has set a goal of building his own star, which he plans to place somewhere in the Andromeda galaxy. He’s confident he can help NASA with its first manned...
For article New ultralight silver nanowire aerogel is boon for energy and electronics industries

New ultralight silver nanowire aerogel is boon for energy and electronics industries

Oct. 5, 2017 -  
A new ultralight silver nanowire aerogel could be a boost to the energy and electronics industries. Metal foams (or porous metals) represent a new class of materials with unique properties including lightweight, high surface area, high electrical conductivity and low thermal conductivity. Lawrence...
For article A look back at ‘65 Years of Excellence’

A look back at ‘65 Years of Excellence’

Oct. 5, 2017 -  
For 65 years, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory has been making history and making a difference. The outstanding efforts by a dedicated workforce have led to many remarkable accomplishments. The Laboratory’s rich history includes many interwoven stories—from the first nuclear test failure to...
For article A look back: 60 Years of Family Days

A look back: 60 Years of Family Days

Oct. 4, 2017 -  
Editor's note: On Oct. 7-8, LLNL will mark its 65 th anniversary with Family Days, a two-day celebration to recognize the accomplishments and support of employees and their families. While the Laboratory celebrate 65 years of making history, we also look back at 60 years of Family Days. On Sept. 7...
For article A quicker, picker upper? Lab researchers eye papermaking improvements through HPC

A quicker, picker upper? Lab researchers eye papermaking improvements through HPC

Oct. 4, 2017 -  
With the naked eye, a roll of paper towels doesn’t seem too complicated. But look closely enough, and you’ll see it’s made up of layers of fibers with thousands of intricate structures and contact points. These fluffy fibers are squeezed together before they are printed in patterns, and this...

Scientists estimate death rates from air pollution caused by the impact of climate change

Oct. 3, 2017 -  
A recent study by Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) scientists and collaborators is the first to use an ensemble of global chemistry climate models to estimate death rates from air pollution caused by the impact of climate change on pollutant concentrations. Ground-level ozone and fine...

Girls empowered to expand their horizons

Sept. 29, 2017 -  
The San Joaquin Expanding Your Horizons (SJEYH) conference for girls celebrated its 25th year with the theme “STEMpowered!” on Saturday, Sept. 23, bringing 500 girls to the University of the Pacific Campus in Stockton to learn more about science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM)...

Laboratory recognized for its sustainability

Sept. 29, 2017 -  
Representatives from the Environmental Protection Agency ( EPA ) Region 9 on Tuesday presented Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory ( LLNL ) with a regional-level award for significant efforts in reducing waste. The award ceremony was held at Sandia National Laboratory-California’s open campus at...

LLNL project aims to transform electrical grid resiliency with distributed energy resources

Sept. 28, 2017 -  
In the event of a major earthquake, hurricane or flood, electricity might be lost for days, affecting communications, recovery efforts and people’s lives. Normally, in a large-scale emergency, distributed energy resources (DERs) -- such as the energy produced by solar panels at customers’ homes --...

Atomic-scale simulations go the distance to resolve the 'jiggle, wiggle' of metal strength

Sept. 27, 2017 -  
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory ( LLNL ) researchers have dived down to the atomic scale to resolve every “jiggle and wiggle” of atomic motion that underlies metal strength. In a first-of-its-kind series of computer simulations focused on metal tantalum, the team predicted that, on reaching...

LLNL researchers to study soil microbiome

Sept. 26, 2017 -  
A new Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory ( LLNL ) initiative to study how the soil microbiome (microorganisms such as fungi and bacteria, microfauna and viruses) controls the mechanisms that regulate organic matter stabilization in soil can move forward after the Department of Energy’s (DOE)...

A solid pathway toward hydrogen storage

Sept. 25, 2017 -  
An inexpensive and useful layered superconductor compound also may be an efficient solid-state material for storing hydrogen. The Department of Energy's (DOE) Energy Materials Network (EMN) consortium approach to accelerate material discovery and development is starting to pay off. Through theory...