News

Hydrogen storage reactions reveal a complex dance toward faster uptake

March 30, 2022 - 
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) scientists have simulated the hydrogen storage reactions in a promising material and discovered why hydrogen uptake slows as the material absorbs hydrogen, providing insight that could be used for improvements. Improving hydrogen storage in solid-state materials depends on a better understanding of multistep chemical reactions that take...

One current, two former Lab scientists inducted into LLNL’s Entrepreneurs’ Hall of Fame

March 29, 2022 - 
One current and two former Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) scientists have been inducted into the Laboratory’s Entrepreneurs’ Hall of Fame (EHF). The trio, who represent the third class of inductees into the Lab’s EHF, have been honored for developing technologies during or after their Lab careers that created major economic impacts or spawned new companies. “The story of...

White House summit celebrates fusion milestones, discusses 'bold' 10-year plan for commercialization

March 28, 2022 - 
Recent scientific advancements in fusion, combined with increasing private investments and the urgent need to address climate change, mean the “time is now” for accelerating fusion energy commercialization, fusion experts said at a White House summit on March 17. Hosted by the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) and the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), the first...

Lab mentoring program generates rewarding opportunities for career growth

March 24, 2022 - 
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory’s (LLNL) Engineering mentoring program has yielded many rewarding matchups, not least that of Yanto Mualim and Jerry Wheeler. Mualim, who works in the Lab’s Environment Safety & Health program, joined LLNL in 2018 with a focus on controls engineering. After two years, as his project wrapped up, Mualim began looking for new opportunities at the...

Veterans Showcase: Alexis Massey

March 23, 2022 - 
The Veterans/Military Outreach and Recruiting Program at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) is committed to supporting and recruiting military students, reservists, active duty and transitioning service men, women and veterans. The program’s initial focus on recruiting and hiring has aided directly in the employment of many veterans, with many more serving in internships ranging...

LLNL and Y-12 partner to accelerate production, innovation for U.S. nuclear deterrent

March 21, 2022 - 
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) and the Y-12 National Security Complex have teamed up to rapidly modernize legacy technology and production methods of crucial components for the U.S. nuclear deterrent.   A leading example of this collaboration is the recent successful installation and testing of the electron beam cold hearth melter (EBCHM) – a machine that can melt and cast...

Livermore WiDS provides forum for women in data science

March 18, 2022 - 
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) celebrated the 2022 Global Women in Data Science (WiDS) conference on March 7 with its fifth annual regional event, featuring workshops, mentoring sessions and a discussion with LLNL Director Kim Budil, the first woman to hold that role. For the second straight year, the WiDS Livermore event was entirely virtual due to the COVID-19 pandemic...

Paving the way to tailor-made carbon nanomaterials and more accurate energetic materials modeling

March 17, 2022 - 
Carbon exhibits a remarkable tendency to form nanomaterials with unusual physical and chemical properties, arising from its ability to engage in different bonding states. Many of these “next-generation” nanomaterials, which include nanodiamonds, nanographite, amorphous nanocarbon and nano-onions, are currently being studied for possible applications spanning quantum computing to bio-imaging...

LLNL study on tumor/immune cell interaction could impact cancer immunotherapies

March 16, 2022 - 
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) scientists exploring the interaction between cancer cells and the extracellular matrix (ECM) — the “scaffolding” of organs — found that proteins in the ECM can dramatically impact the immune system’s ability to kill tumors. Researchers said the findings, published online in the journal Biomaterials, could represent a novel approach to studying...

Holographic plasma lenses for ultra-high-power lasers

March 14, 2022 - 
In the National Ignition Facility (NIF), the world’s highest-energy laser system, a complex series of glass optics — including amplifiers, mirrors, wavelength converters and focusing lenses — strengthens and guides the laser light to its destination. Over the years, researchers have developed and refined these optics so they can withstand the intense energies generated by NIF’s powerful laser...

LLNL constructing high-power laser for new experimental facility at SLAC

March 11, 2022 - 
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory’s decades of leadership in developing high-energy lasers is being tapped to provide a key component of a major upgrade to SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory’s Linac Coherent Light Source (LCLS). Over the next several years, LLNL’s Advanced Photon Technologies (APT) program will design and construct one of the world’s most powerful petawatt...

Machine learning model finds COVID-19 risks for cancer patients

March 10, 2022 - 
If a cancer patient tests positive for COVID-19, are they more likely to become hospitalized from the disease? That depends on certain risk factors, according to a new study by researchers at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) and the University of California, San Francisco (UCSF), who looked to identify cancer-related risks for poor outcomes from COVID-19. Analyzing one of the...

NIF helps unravel mysteries of heat conduction in galaxy clusters

March 9, 2022 - 
An international team led by scientists from the University of Oxford Department of Physics, the University of Rochester and the University of Chicago turned to Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory’s (LLNL’s) National Ignition Facility (NIF) to help unravel the inner workings of heat conduction in clusters of galaxies — the largest structures in the universe. These clusters are made of...

LLNL scientists confirm thermonuclear fusion in a sheared-flow Z-pinch

March 7, 2022 - 
In findings that could help advance another “viable pathway” to fusion energy, research led by Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) physicists has proven the existence of neutrons produced through thermonuclear reactions from a sheared-flow stabilized Z-pinch device. The researchers used advanced computer modeling techniques and diagnostic measurement devices honed at the Lab to...

Register for materials-focused HPC4EI virtual event

March 4, 2022 - 
Registration is open for the High Performance Computing for Energy Innovation (HPC4EI) initiative’s upcoming virtual event on April 8, a webinar highlighting the impact of high performance computing on material design and predicting material performance. Free to the public, the “Focus on Materials” event will feature talks by U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) national laboratory scientists...

Dead or alive: microorganisms in soil shape the global carbon cycle

March 3, 2022 - 
Whether dead or alive, soil microorganisms play a major role in the biogeochemical cycling of carbon in the terrestrial biosphere. But what is the specific role of death for the bacteria, fungi and microfauna that make up the soil microbiome? That is the topic of a new review by Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) scientists and collaborators. The article, appearing in Nature...

Study finds new biomarkers that could assist in identifying deep-space flight risks

March 2, 2022 - 
An international team of scientists has found new biomarkers that can be used for diagnostic purposes and potentially as predictive tools of the risks associated with deep-space flight. In their study, the team, including three researchers from Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), examined approximately two-decade-old blood samples from space shuttle astronauts before and after...

Understanding hot-spot conditions in experiments at the National Ignition Facility

March 1, 2022 - 
Research conducted at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) describes a validation exercise for simple models used to understand hot-spot conditions reached in an implosion, which find good agreement when compared to a set of simulations. Progress toward ignition requires accurately diagnosing current conditions and assessing proximity metrics for implosion experiments at LLNL...

Lawrence Livermore shares recommendations for Microsoft to reach carbon-negative goal

Feb. 28, 2022 - 
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) scientists have provided input on Microsoft’s pathway to become carbon-negative by 2030. LLNL researchers built on their pivotal report "Getting to Neutral: Options for Negative Carbon Emissions in California," which has become a trusted adviser in the discussion of how to remove carbon dioxide from the air, to make recommendations to...

Putting the pedal to the metal crossing the solid-liquid interface

Feb. 24, 2022 - 
Most metal alloys are prone to corrosion, which costs hundreds of billions of dollars of damage annually in the U.S. alone. Accurately predicting corrosion rates is a long-standing goal of corrosion science, but these rates depend strongly on the specific operating environment. At the atomic scale, these environmental factors are associated with how quickly and easily metal ions dissolve and...