Posts tagged with "Physical & Life Sciences"

LLNL-developed microelectrodes enable automated sorting of neural signals

Dec. 12, 2017 -  
Thin-film microelectrode arrays produced at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) have enabled development of an automated system to sort brain activity by individual neurons, a technology that could open the door to recording and analyzing unprecedented amounts of neural signals over time...

Arctic sea ice loss could dry out California

Dec. 5, 2017 -  
Arctic sea ice loss of the magnitude expected in the next few decades could impact California’s rainfall and exacerbate future droughts, according to new research led by Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory ( LLNL ) scientists. The dramatic loss of Arctic sea ice cover observed over the satellite...

New study verifies more paths to survival for endangered winter-run Chinook salmon

Dec. 4, 2017 -  
The most treacherous journey of any salmon’s life is from its natal river to the ocean when it is still a juvenile, usually when they are only a few months old. For endangered salmon, this early journey is a matter of life and death for the whole population. In a new study from the Metropolitan...
clay mineral

Clay mineral waters Earth’s mantle from inside

Dec. 1, 2017 -  
The first observation of a super-hydrated phase of the clay mineral kaolinite could improve the understanding of processes that lead to volcanism and affect earthquakes. In high-pressure and high-temperature X-ray measurements, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory scientist Hyunchae Cynn and...
Great Boiling Spring

First forms of life on Earth unveiled in hot spring

Nov. 28, 2017 -  
Terrestrial geothermal systems are like buried treasure when it comes to finding out the origins of life on Earth. In these underground hot springs, some of the most ancient single-celled bacteria and archaea live the life of extremophiles (organisms that live under extreme environmental conditions...
drug discovery

Lawrence Livermore and American Heart Association partner to accelerate drug discovery

Nov. 15, 2017 -  
The American Heart Association ( AHA ) and Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory ( LLNL ) have formed a strategic business partnership to overcome the burden of drug discovery, cost and access. The two organizations will leverage the world’s most powerful supercomputers to accelerate drug...

Lab employees selected as 2017 APS fellows

Oct. 31, 2017 -  
Three Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory ( LLNL ) scientists -- Nathan Barton, Lab Director William Goldstein and Robert Kirkwood -- have been selected as 2017 fellows of the American Physical Society (APS). Election to APS fellowship recognizes the society member's exceptional contributions to...

Public-private consortium aims to cut preclinical cancer drug discovery from six years to just one

Oct. 27, 2017 -  
Lawrence Livermore National Lab, Frederick National Laboratory for Cancer Research, GSK and University of California, San Francisco will combine vast data stores, supercomputing and scientific expertise to reinvent discovery process for cancer medicines. SAN FRANCISCO, Oct 27, 2017 -- Scientists...
Rare Earth

LLNL researchers turn to bioengineered bacteria to increase U.S. supply of rare earth metals

Oct. 23, 2017 -  
To help increase the U.S. supply of rare earth metals, a Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory ( LLNL ) team has created a new way to recover rare earths using bioengineered bacteria. Rare earth elements (REEs) are essential for American competitiveness in the clean energy industry because they...
earthquake maps

Exascale in motion on earthquake risks

Oct. 12, 2017 -  
Assessing large magnitude (greater than 6 on the Richter scale) earthquake hazards on a regional (up to 100 kilometers) scale takes big machines. To resolve the frequencies important to engineering analysis of the built environment (up to 10 Hz or higher), numerical simulations of earthquake...