Posts tagged with "Physical & Life Sciences"

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Researchers characterize membrane behavior

Feb. 2, 2018 -  
An article authored by a team of Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory ( LLNL ) scientists has characterized how different cell membranes behave. “Different membranes in different parts of the body have different barrier strengths that are required for drugs to penetrate them to reach the organ,”...
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Scientists discover ideal material for smart windows that convert sunlight to electricity

Jan. 30, 2018 -  
Imagine a smart window that becomes transparent when it is dark or cool but darkens when the sun is bright, converting that sunlight into electricity. Typical smart windows absorb or reflect sunlight without actually converting the solar energy into a useful form. However, the new photovoltaic...

Lab earns DOE grant for collaboration to improve growth, efficiency of biofuel-producing algae

Jan. 29, 2018 -  
The Department of Energy has awarded Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory ( LLNL ) a three-year, $1.5 million grant to improve the growth and efficiency of biofuel-producing algae through the alteration of their microbiomes. The work, which is led at LLNL by Xavier Mayali and Ty Samo in the...
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Alan Hidy's global travels lead to a CAMS career

Jan. 22, 2018 -  
The bookcase in Alan Hidy’s office is loaded with carefully labeled bags of rocks -- some the size of a fist, others pulverized into dust. The granite in these bags is destined for isotope ratio measurement at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory's Center for Accelerator Mass Spectrometry ( CAMS...
electrolyte

Looking to the sun to create hydrogen fuel

Jan. 17, 2018 -  
When Lawrence Livermore scientist Tadashi Ogitsu leased a hydrogen fuel-cell car in 2017, he knew that his daily commute would change forever. There are no greenhouse gases that come out of the tailpipe, just a bit of water vapor. The market for hydrogen cars is growing. According to a recent...
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Meteorites reveal story of Martian climate

Jan. 9, 2018 -  
Liquid water is not stable on Mars’ surface because the planet’s atmosphere is too thin and temperatures are too cold. However, at one time Mars hosted a warm and wet surface environment that may have been conducive to life. A significant unanswered question in planetary science is when Mars...

Newly developed tunable, green detergents could be 'made-to-order' for industry

Jan. 2, 2018 -  
That mascara that your colleague is wearing may contain components from a microorganism. Detergents, also known as surfactants, are used extensively in the cosmetics, oil, food, agriculture, healthcare and pharmaceutical industries. Their sales are projected to reach $42 billion by 2020. The...

Project to study climate effects on California water systems from headwaters to groundwater

Dec. 28, 2017 -  
To address future climate change effects on water resources, scientists at five UC campuses, and Lawrence Livermore and Lawrence Berkeley national laboratories will study California’s water systems, from the headwaters in the Sierra Nevada, through rivers, reservoirs and groundwater in the Central...
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LLNL nanolipoprotein technology licensed

Dec. 21, 2017 -  
A Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory ( LLNL ) biomedical technology that can deliver vaccines and drugs inside the human body has been licensed for use in cancer treatments to a Michigan company. The Livermore-developed technology, using nanolipoprotein particles (NLPs), has been licensed to...
brain on a chip

'Brain-on-a-chip' tests effects of biological and chemical agents, develop countermeasures

Dec. 18, 2017 -  
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory ( LLNL ) scientists and engineers have developed a “brain-on-a-chip” device aimed at testing and predicting the effects of biological and chemical agents, disease or pharmaceutical drugs on the brain over time without the need for human or animal subjects. The...