LLNL, Livermore Lab Foundation, ClimateWorks to unveil report on California’s road to carbon neutrality

Jan. 23, 2020- 
WHO: Scientists and leaders from Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory in collaboration with the Livermore Lab Foundation and ClimateWorks WHAT: LLNL will host a briefing to unveil the new report, “Getting to Neutral: Options for Negative Carbon Emissions in California,” which identifies a robust suite of technologies to help California clear the last hurdle and become carbon neutral by...

LLNL discovers new method to create nanocarbons

Jan. 17, 2020- 
Nanocarbons have emerged as major nanomaterials due to their many practical applications, including their potential use in energy conversion/storage, bioimaging, drug delivery, sensors, diagnostics and composites. However, their synthesis remains poorly understood. A common high-pressure synthesis route is the detonation of carbon-rich high explosives, which yields nanocarbons as a solid...

Ancient stardust leads to clearer picture of solar system

Jan. 14, 2020- 
Interstellar dust is an important component of our galaxy. Condensed in the outflow of dying stars, it is used to study stellar evolution, nucleosynthesis and the chemical development of the galaxy. Although dust only presents about 1 percent of the mass in the interstellar medium (ISM), it carries a large fraction of the elements heavier than helium, including the elements that form...

Under pressure: Using NIF, researchers compress copper, creating the densest object on Earth

Jan. 9, 2020- 
If copper was found in the core of Saturn it would have the same crystalline structure as the copper pipes found in many homes, according to new research from Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) and Johns Hopkins University. In a paper published today by Physical Review Letters, the research team reveals that copper maintains its crystalline structure at pressures ranging from...

Lab space program lifts off with launch of satellite

Jan. 8, 2020- 
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory’s (LLNL's) Space Science and Security Program had a banner month in December as the program sent the Lab’s first in-house designed and fabricated CubeSat into orbit. The Lab satellite was sent into orbit from Space Launch Complex 40 at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station in Florida on Dec. 5 aboard a SpaceX Dragon capsule atop a two-stage Falcon 9 rocket...

Thanks to clouds, latest climate models predict more global warming than their predecessors

Jan. 7, 2020- 
Researchers at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) in collaboration with colleagues from the University of Leeds and Imperial College London have found that the latest generation of global climate models predict more warming in response to increasing carbon dioxide than their predecessors. These refined models represent aspects of Earth’s climate better than previous models...

Three researchers co-author wind power papers

Dec. 26, 2019- 
A trio of Livermore scientists have served as co-authors for three separate papers about projects they’ve worked on to upgrade wind power forecasting for the nation. The papers, published by the Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society (BAMS), one of the premier publications for meteorologists, focused on research conducted for two high-impact Department of Energy wind energy...

Scientists image deformation of copper at the nanoscale

Dec. 20, 2019- 
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) researchers, in collaboration with Johns Hopkins University and the U.S. Army Research Laboratory, have successfully obtained the first nanoscale video of copper deforming under extremely high strain rates, part of an Army-funded project aimed at designing next-generation armor. Combining a specially designed straining apparatus with LLNL’s Mov...

Mimicking the blood-brain barrier on chip-based device

Dec. 19, 2019- 
Engineers and biologists at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory  (LLNL) have made significant strides in modeling the human brain outside the body on a chip, but to truly recreate the effects of drugs or chemical agents on the central nervous system, researchers will need to accurately simulate the blood-brain barrier (BBB). Normally the BBB, the vasculature that regulates the passage...

Understanding the spread and mutation of Zika virus

Dec. 18, 2019- 
A team of Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) and University of California, Davis researchers has found that outbreaks of human disease, such as the 2015 Zika virus epidemic, may be due to genetic mutation, and viruses may undergo further changes as they expand their geographic range. The question of how Zika virus (ZIKV) changed from a seemingly mild virus to a human pathogen...

Meteorites lend clues to solar system's origin

Dec. 16, 2019- 
The isotopic composition of meteorites and terrestrial planets holds important clues about the earliest history of the solar system and the processes of planet formation. Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) scientists and a collaborator from the University of Münster reviewed recent work that shows how meteorites exhibit a fundamental isotopic dichotomy between non-carbonaceous...

Researchers uncover viral predators in soil

Dec. 3, 2019- 
Viruses impact nearly all organisms on Earth, with waves of influence in agriculture, health and biogeochemical processes. However, very little is known about RNA viruses in the environment, and even less is known about their diversity and ecology in soil, one of the most complex microbial systems. But Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) scientists have helped discover that RNA...

LLNL researchers turn to microbe beads to increase U.S. supply of rare earth metals

Nov. 25, 2019- 
To help increase the U.S. supply of rare earth elements, a Critical Materials Institute team led by Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) is using microbe beads to recover rare earth elements from consumer electronic waste. The team developed a scalable biosorbent material – a microbe-embedded polymer – by combining material science with microbiology. The research appears in the...

Lawrence Livermore steps into grid modernization

Nov. 22, 2019- 
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) will receive funding from the Department of Energy (DOE) over the next three years to strengthen, transform and improve the nation’s energy infrastructure. LLNL is the lead on three projects: Using sensors to identify faulty or aging components of the nation’s energy grid system In its first stage, this application will identify urgent...

Accelerating new discoveries in nuclear physics

Nov. 20, 2019- 
Three stories underground, in a Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) building that dates back to the 1960s, three new accelerators are rapidly expanding research capabilities. These powerful diagnostic and imaging tools enable scientists to produce and detect isotopes, explore nuclear reactions, evaluate unknown material and peer inside heavily shielded objects. “Revitalizing LLNL...

New ultralight gold foam shimmers in the limelight

Nov. 15, 2019- 
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) scientists have created the lightest gold foam to date. The new form of ultralight gold aerogel foam has applications in electronics, catalysis, sensors and energy conversion and storage. The research appears in the journal Nano Letters. It will be published in the November issue, and was selected for the supplementary journal cover. The gold aerogels are so light that they could be carried on the back of fragile insects. Cover image photo by Joshua DeOtte/LLNLAer...

Institute turns over a new LEAF in energy security

Nov. 12, 2019- 
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) has opened a center that will develop new materials for energy applications from inception to technology demonstration. The Laboratory of Energy Applications for the Future (LEAF) was formed to coordinate research efforts for energy- and environment-related technologies and capabilities. “LEAF will address crucial science and technology...

NIF Army veteran attends Medal of Honor ceremony

Nov. 11, 2019- 
It’s been more than 10 years since John Ruiz, a mechanical designer in the National Ignition Facility’s (NIF) Facilities and Infrastructure Systems group, left the Army. But last summer, he found himself transported back to one of the most harrowing days of his Army career at the Medal of Honor ceremony for his former squad leader, Staff Sgt. David G. Bellavia. Ruiz was a senior at Tracy...

Argon is not so noble in the Earth’s core

Nov. 6, 2019- 
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) scientists, in collaboration with researchers at the University of Saskatchewan (UoS), Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) and The University of Chicago, have discovered that at thermodynamic conditions mimicking that of Earth’s core, argon can react with nickel, forming a stable Argon-Nickel (ArNi) compound. The LLNL-led research was...

Size matters in ion selectivity and energy storage

Oct. 25, 2019- 
While ions adsorbed on carbon electrodes can vary in size and shape, when it comes to selectivity and energy storage, size really does matter. In an effort to boost energy storage and water desalination technologies, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) scientists found that capacitive performance and ion selectivity of porous carbons is controlled by a complex interplay between...