Researchers uncover viral predators in soil

Dec. 3, 2019- 
Viruses impact nearly all organisms on Earth, with waves of influence in agriculture, health and biogeochemical processes. However, very little is known about RNA viruses in the environment, and even less is known about their diversity and ecology in soil, one of the most complex microbial systems. But Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) scientists have helped discover that RNA...

LLNL researchers turn to microbe beads to increase U.S. supply of rare earth metals

Nov. 25, 2019- 
To help increase the U.S. supply of rare earth elements, a Critical Materials Institute team led by Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) is using microbe beads to recover rare earth elements from consumer electronic waste. The team developed a scalable biosorbent material – a microbe-embedded polymer – by combining material science with microbiology. The research appears in the...

Lawrence Livermore steps into grid modernization

Nov. 22, 2019- 
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) will receive funding from the Department of Energy (DOE) over the next three years to strengthen, transform and improve the nation’s energy infrastructure. LLNL is the lead on three projects: Using sensors to identify faulty or aging components of the nation’s energy grid system In its first stage, this application will identify urgent failures...

Accelerating new discoveries in nuclear physics

Nov. 20, 2019- 
Three stories underground, in a Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) building that dates back to the 1960s, three new accelerators are rapidly expanding research capabilities. These powerful diagnostic and imaging tools enable scientists to produce and detect isotopes, explore nuclear reactions, evaluate unknown material and peer inside heavily shielded objects. “Revitalizing LLNL’s...

New ultralight gold foam shimmers in the limelight

Nov. 15, 2019- 
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) scientists have created the lightest gold foam to date. The new form of ultralight gold aerogel foam has applications in electronics, catalysis, sensors and energy conversion and storage. The research appears in the journal Nano Letters. It will be published in the November issue, and was selected for the supplementary journal cover. The...

Institute turns over a new LEAF in energy security

Nov. 12, 2019- 
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) has opened a center that will develop new materials for energy applications from inception to technology demonstration. The Laboratory of Energy Applications for the Future (LEAF) was formed to coordinate research efforts for energy- and environment-related technologies and capabilities. “LEAF will address crucial science and technology...

NIF Army veteran attends Medal of Honor ceremony

Nov. 11, 2019- 
It’s been more than 10 years since John Ruiz, a mechanical designer in the National Ignition Facility’s (NIF) Facilities and Infrastructure Systems group, left the Army. But last summer, he found himself transported back to one of the most harrowing days of his Army career at the Medal of Honor ceremony for his former squad leader, Staff Sgt. David G. Bellavia. Ruiz was a senior at Tracy...

Argon is not so noble in the Earth’s core

Nov. 6, 2019- 
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) scientists, in collaboration with researchers at the University of Saskatchewan (UoS), Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) and The University of Chicago, have discovered that at thermodynamic conditions mimicking that of Earth’s core, argon can react with nickel, forming a stable Argon-Nickel (ArNi) compound. The LLNL-led research was...

Size matters in ion selectivity and energy storage

Oct. 25, 2019- 
While ions adsorbed on carbon electrodes can vary in size and shape, when it comes to selectivity and energy storage, size really does matter. In an effort to boost energy storage and water desalination technologies, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) scientists found that capacitive performance and ion selectivity of porous carbons is controlled by a complex interplay between...

NIH looks to Lab to help develop chlamydia vaccine

Oct. 24, 2019- 
A cooperative research center that aims to develop vaccines for chlamydia has been established by the National Institutes of Health at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL). The new center, to be funded under a five-year, $10.1 million grant from the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID), will be a three-way partnership between LLNL and researchers from two...

Nuclear impulse could deflect massive asteroid

Oct. 23, 2019- 
An interagency team of researchers led by Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) has completed the first ever in-depth investigation into how an asteroid would respond to a nuclear deflection attempt. The research was published online in Acta Astronautica and will appear in print in early 2020. The focus of the investigation was 101955 Bennu, a massive asteroid that has a remote...

Volcanic ash sparks new discovery

Oct. 21, 2019- 
Fort Lauderdale, Fla.— Imagine you’re getting ready to fly to your favorite vacation destination when suddenly a volcano erupts, sending massive amounts of ash into the atmosphere, and forcing the cancellation of your flight. That’s exactly what happened in April 2010 when Eyjafjallajokull, a volcano in Iceland, erupted and disrupted air travel in Europe for six days. Lawrence Livermore...

Unexamined lunar rocks indicate early bombardment

Oct. 16, 2019- 
A team of Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) scientists has challenged the long-standing theory that the moon experienced a period of intense meteorite bombardment about 3.8 billion years ago, when the first forms of life appeared on Earth.  This theory is known as the Late Heavy Bombardment and is thought to have resulted from disturbance of the asteroid belt due to the outward...

Six Lawrence Livermore researchers named 2019 fellows of the American Physical Society

Oct. 2, 2019- 
Six Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) scientists have been selected as 2019 fellows of the American Physical Society (APS). The new fellows represent a selection of physics expertise, ranging from computational physics and shock compression of condensed matter to instrument and measurement science. APS fellowships are awarded after extensive review and are considered a distinct...

Lab's space program is on the rise

Oct. 1, 2019- 
Nascent security challenges, novel scientific discoveries and new technology development opportunities are all part of outer space and in the focus of the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory's (LLNL) Space Science and Security Program (SSSP). The national security community now refers to space as a “warfighting domain.” As such, it is both integral to the U.S. defense posture and...

New class of metal materials is its strong suit

Sept. 30, 2019- 
In a perfect world, engineers would like metals to be strong and electrically conducive without any defects. But no metal is perfect. It loses strength due to synthetic defects, causing a softening of the material. Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) scientists and collaborators have created a new class of metal material that keeps its strength and electroconductivity by...

Use of nanopores could lead to cleaner water

Sept. 26, 2019- 
Not all nanopores are created equal. For starters, their diameters vary between 1 and 10 nanometers (nm). The smallest of these nanopores, called Single Digit Nanopores (SDNs), have diameters of less than 10 nm and only recently have been used in experiments for precision transport measurements. A team of Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) scientists and colleagues from seven...

Climate ensembles help to identify detection time of human-caused climate signals

Sept. 24, 2019- 
By comparing observations to large ensembles of climate model simulations, scientists can now better isolate when human-caused climate change was first identifiable in observations. Large Initial Condition Ensembles (LEs) are simulations of climate change performed with a single climate model. An LE typically has between 30 and 100 individual “members” in order to probe the range of natural...

Study on stability of highly energetic materials

Sept. 13, 2019- 
Understanding the physical and chemical characteristics of energetic materials under extreme conditions is crucial for their safe and efficient use. High-pressure phase transitions in such materials can cause significant changes in their initiation properties and detonation performance necessitating detailed structural studies. The high-pressure structural evolution of CL-20 is of particular...

World's largest optical lens shipped to SLAC

Sept. 12, 2019- 
When the world’s newest telescope starts imaging the southern sky in 2023, it will take photos using optical assemblies designed by Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) researchers and built by Lab industrial partners. A key feature of the camera’s optical assemblies for the Large Synoptic Survey Telescope (LSST), under construction in northern Chile, will be its three lenses, one...