As big as it gets: Hunga volcano comparable to Krakatoa

May 12, 2022- 
The January 2022 eruption of the Hunga volcano in Tonga was the largest volcanic eruption in the 21st century, and the largest recorded since the 1991 eruption of Mount Pinatubo. New research by an international team from 17 countries including Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) scientist Keehoon Kim demonstrates that, based on atmospheric pressure waves recorded by global...

NNSA and Cornelis Networks to collaborate on next-generation high-performance networking

May 4, 2022- 
The U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) today announced the award of an $18 million contract to Cornelis Networks for collaborative research and development in next-generation networking for supercomputing systems at the NNSA laboratories The Next-Generation High Performance Computing Network (NG-HPCN) project for the NNSA’s Advanced...

HPC4Energy Innovation initiative launches new call for proposals

May 3, 2022- 
The Department of Energy (DOE) today launched the spring 2022 solicitation for the High Performance Computing for Energy Innovation (HPC4EI) initiative, seeking proposals from industry that address key energy and decarbonization-related challenges in domestic manufacturing. The latest HPC4EI funding opportunity is sponsored by the HPC4Manufacturing (HPC4Mfg) Program, one of the pillars of...

Researchers update measurement ratios key for inertial confinement fusion experiments

April 27, 2022- 
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) researchers have refined the measurement of the gamma (γ)-to-neutron branching ratio in deuterium-tritium (D-T) fusion reactions. This reaction is a viable candidate for fusion energy, as it is known to have the largest cross section at center-of-mass energies below 500 keV. There are different branches of this reaction. These include an...

LLNL partners with city of Livermore to reduce carbon emissions

April 25, 2022- 
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) has signed a memorandum of understanding (MOU) with the city of Livermore to collaborate on advancing climate action in Livermore and build community-wide resilience to climate change impacts. The city’s Climate Action Plan (CAP), anticipated to be adopted by the Livermore City Council this summer, will create a roadmap to achieve carbon...

NASA funds LLNL to demonstrate 'replicator' 3D printer to produce cartilage in space

April 21, 2022- 
The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) announced April 15 it has awarded Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) and a private company with funding to develop LLNL’s revolutionary volumetric additive manufacturing (VAM) 3D printing technology to produce artificial cartilage tissue in space. The award, one of eight projects selected by NASA’s In Space Production...

Speeding up detection of climate change response to emission reductions

April 14, 2022- 
If humans decrease their greenhouse gas emissions to the atmosphere, how quickly would we detect a slowdown in global warming? In a recent study published in Nature Communications, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) climate scientist Mark Zelinka and collaborators developed a novel approach to more quickly see the temperature response to strong emissions reductions. “Global...

Tri-lab researchers focus on tantalum’s strength from ambient to extreme conditions

April 12, 2022- 
Researchers from Lawrence Livermore, Los Alamos and Sandia national laboratories have teamed up to better understand the strength of tantalum, an important platform-development material in the tri-lab community. The work builds from the understanding that tantalum remains in a single solid phase across the full range of conditions examined. This includes conditions accessed by the...

Americans move to more solar and wind power in 2021

April 11, 2022- 
The national economy is reenergizing, quite literally.  In 2021, Americans used 5% more energy than in 2020, according to the most recent energy flow charts released by Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL). Each year, LLNL releases flow charts that illustrate the nation's consumption and use of energy. In 2021, Americans used 97.3 quads (quadrillion BTU) of energy, which is 4.4...

Hydrogen storage reactions reveal a complex dance toward faster uptake

March 30, 2022- 
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) scientists have simulated the hydrogen storage reactions in a promising material and discovered why hydrogen uptake slows as the material absorbs hydrogen, providing insight that could be used for improvements. Improving hydrogen storage in solid-state materials depends on a better understanding of multistep chemical reactions that take...

One current, two former Lab scientists inducted into LLNL’s Entrepreneurs’ Hall of Fame

March 29, 2022- 
One current and two former Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) scientists have been inducted into the Laboratory’s Entrepreneurs’ Hall of Fame (EHF). The trio, who represent the third class of inductees into the Lab’s EHF, have been honored for developing technologies during or after their Lab careers that created major economic impacts or spawned new companies. “The story of...

White House summit celebrates fusion milestones, discusses 'bold' 10-year plan for commercialization

March 28, 2022- 
Recent scientific advancements in fusion, combined with increasing private investments and the urgent need to address climate change, mean the “time is now” for accelerating fusion energy commercialization, fusion experts said at a White House summit on March 17. Hosted by the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) and the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), the first...

Livermore WiDS provides forum for women in data science

March 18, 2022- 
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) celebrated the 2022 Global Women in Data Science (WiDS) conference on March 7 with its fifth annual regional event, featuring workshops, mentoring sessions and a discussion with LLNL Director Kim Budil, the first woman to hold that role. For the second straight year, the WiDS Livermore event was entirely virtual due to the COVID-19 pandemic...

Paving the way to tailor-made carbon nanomaterials and more accurate energetic materials modeling

March 17, 2022- 
Carbon exhibits a remarkable tendency to form nanomaterials with unusual physical and chemical properties, arising from its ability to engage in different bonding states. Many of these “next-generation” nanomaterials, which include nanodiamonds, nanographite, amorphous nanocarbon and nano-onions, are currently being studied for possible applications spanning quantum computing to bio-imaging...

LLNL study on tumor/immune cell interaction could impact cancer immunotherapies

March 16, 2022- 
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) scientists exploring the interaction between cancer cells and the extracellular matrix (ECM) — the “scaffolding” of organs — found that proteins in the ECM can dramatically impact the immune system’s ability to kill tumors. Researchers said the findings, published online in the journal Biomaterials, could represent a novel approach to studying...

Holographic plasma lenses for ultra-high-power lasers

March 14, 2022- 
In the National Ignition Facility (NIF), the world’s highest-energy laser system, a complex series of glass optics — including amplifiers, mirrors, wavelength converters and focusing lenses — strengthens and guides the laser light to its destination. Over the years, researchers have developed and refined these optics so they can withstand the intense energies generated by NIF’s powerful laser...

LLNL constructing high-power laser for new experimental facility at SLAC

March 11, 2022- 
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory’s decades of leadership in developing high-energy lasers is being tapped to provide a key component of a major upgrade to SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory’s Linac Coherent Light Source (LCLS). Over the next several years, LLNL’s Advanced Photon Technologies (APT) program will design and construct one of the world’s most powerful petawatt...

Machine learning model finds COVID-19 risks for cancer patients

March 10, 2022- 
If a cancer patient tests positive for COVID-19, are they more likely to become hospitalized from the disease? That depends on certain risk factors, according to a new study by researchers at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) and the University of California, San Francisco (UCSF), who looked to identify cancer-related risks for poor outcomes from COVID-19. Analyzing one of the...

NIF helps unravel mysteries of heat conduction in galaxy clusters

March 9, 2022- 
An international team led by scientists from the University of Oxford Department of Physics, the University of Rochester and the University of Chicago turned to Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory’s (LLNL’s) National Ignition Facility (NIF) to help unravel the inner workings of heat conduction in clusters of galaxies — the largest structures in the universe. These clusters are made of...

Dead or alive: microorganisms in soil shape the global carbon cycle

March 3, 2022- 
Whether dead or alive, soil microorganisms play a major role in the biogeochemical cycling of carbon in the terrestrial biosphere. But what is the specific role of death for the bacteria, fungi and microfauna that make up the soil microbiome? That is the topic of a new review by Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) scientists and collaborators. The article, appearing in Nature...